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No definite town is intended; Saphet has been conjectured; see, on the other hand, Robinson, Pal. “God is the eternal fountain of all honour and glory, therefore, strictly speaking, cannot be dishonoured; He cannot but be glorified, because to be Himself is to be-infinitely glorious. Kindled from the Sun, they are to go forth and cast their light upon the world. on Matthew 5:44, and see in general Tittmann, Syn. This Christian profession should be made in union with the Church of Christ. Anciently cities, for the sake of defense, were placed on hills. The gas would be unavailable without the lamps; the lamps would be useless without the gas. To express concealment simply, or that the "corn-measure" has a special signification? This would link in with the idea of glorifying God in the last phrase of the verse, and with the recognition that they are now the new congregation of Israel (Matthew 16:18; Matthew 21:43). As a member of the Church of Christ he must show good will. A prism, analyrically solving this moral light, and exhibiting its beauties of colour. Tantam esse morum integritatem, ut nec hostes reperiant quod calumnientur. Light is a very common metaphor in the Bible. The inference which our Saviour draws from the foregoing doctrine, ye are the light of the world, therefore let your light shine before men. Science and religion need not be divided. Notice some of the instances in Scripture in which light is spoken of in reference to the people of God. The bottom of the outer ditch is now a very flourishing vineyard, and the entire circuit is not far from half a mile. : But to live well must go before to teach well; hence after He had called the Apostles "the salt," He goes on to call them "the light of the world.". Jesus himself is the “light of all mankind…that shines in the darkness” (Jn 1:4-5). Salt operates internally, in the mass with which it comes in contact; the sunlight operates externally, irradiating all that it reaches. 1. Plug in, Turn on and Be En light ened! This is also applicable to Christians in general; and to excite them and all Christians to diligence in dispensing the salutary influences of their doctrine and example, he bade them call to mind, that a city which is set upon a mountain cannot be hid; or, that the disciples of Jesus Christ, and all Christians, being appointed to profess and preach the Gospel, the eyes of all men would be upon them, and so, their faults being by this means known and observed, might stop the progress of the Gospel: compare Philippians 3:17. Some suppose that they need not set a shining light, but keep from great irregularities. “Take heed that ye do not your alms before men.” It may appear from this that secrecy is necessary to prayer and almsgiving; but that it is not the lesson inculcated, is evident from the tenor of Scripture. That they may glorify your Father which is in heaven. Daniel With regard to almsgiving, the Psalmist, speaks of it as properly exciting the esteem of men. Concerning the thing itself, see Revelation 21:10. Christ also said, "I am the light of the world." The eyes of the world were upon them. The present Hebrew name is Zephath, and may either refer to its elevation like a watch-tower, or to the beauty and grandeur of the surrounding prospects. : "A city set on a hill cannot be hidden" though it would; the mountain which bears makes it to be seen of all men; so the Apostles and Priests who are founded on Christ cannot be hidden even though they would, because Christ makes them manifest. The interior summit rises about a hundred feet higher than this wall, and was a separate castle, strongly defended. Before the incarnation Christ was the light of men; also the historic Christ is the source of all revelation. It would give additional force and beauty to the passage to suppose that he pointed to the city. This work is a commentary on the whole New Testament. So there are Christians among us who, while letting their light shine, contrive to paint themselves upon the glass of the lamp in which it is enclosed. The moral qualities enjoined in Christianity are in the highest degree natural-not artificial or secondary. Not far from this little hill is the city Saphet, supposed to be the ancient Bethulia. I. These words proclaim the moral grandeur of His sentiments. A city placed on a mountain cannot be concealed; and a candle, when it has been lighted, is not usually concealed, (verse 15.) Christians are the "light of the world" (Matthew 5:14), but theirs is a reflected light. That the glorifying of God, and doing good to mankind, must be the great end we propound in all the good works which we perform. His position is like that of a city set on a hill, eminently conspicuous; he “cannot be hid,” and he ought not to try to be hid. 2. The hill is the mountain or government of Christ and the light of divine truth shines forth from that exalted position like the glow of light from a city upon a hill. (2) A more difficult duty is that of passing judgment (as a Christian is often bound to do) on events of the day and public men. II. Pseudo-Chrys. (See Scofield "Matthew 4:8"), ‘A city that is set on an hill cannot be hid.’. Matthew 5:14. τὸ φῶς τοῦ κόσμου] As the natural light illumines the world, which in itself is dark, so are ye intended to spiritually enlighten humanity. Matthew 5:14 "You are the light of the world. Cooper.). {q} "it shall be done" Mark 11:24; John 16:24; 1 John 5:14. There are two sides of religion—neither in the least degree opposed to the other, though entirely distinct. The objection to connecting this verse with chap. (3) Another and still more difficult duty is that of personally rebuking those we meet with in the intercourse of life who sin in word or deed, and testifying before them in Christ's name. There may have indeed already have been in Jesus’ and Matthew’s minds the thought of the Servant as the light of the nations (Isaiah 42:6; Isaiah 49:6; compare Matthew 12:18-21). Therefore He goes on to caution disciples against the policy of obscuration. We turn our eyes up to him and he rebukes us with darts of fire; he says, “Look down, not up: look at the works, not the worker.” So we may feast our eyes upon a paradise of flowers, and get much of heaven out of it, but the moment we venture to say, “Who did this-where is he? Or rather he is like the. TO let our light shine is, undoubtedly, to make a Christian profession. This holy light possesses a peculiar character, which the light of mere science, literature, or secular knowledge has not and cannot have. Thence the eye sweeps over Gilead and Bashan, Samaria and Carmel, the plains of Galilee, the coasts of Phoenicia, the hills of Naphtali, the long line of Lebanon, and the lofty head of Hermon, a vast panorama, embracing a thousand points of historic and sacred interest. A city that is set on an hill cannot be hid. He who simply did what the Church bids him do (if he did no more) would witness a good confession in the world, and one which cannot be hid, and at the same time with very little, if any, personal display. Remove a difficulty which may have arises from an apparent inconsistency between our text and the words of our Lord in a subsequent part of His discourse. It is the fashion to depreciate creeds, but it is questionable whether without them Christianity would not long have faded from the earth. IV. ), A good life the great means of glorifying God. But the principle guide in cases like these is not to be found so much in an external rule as in a spiritually enlightened discrimination, which feels instinctively when is the time for secrecy and when for publicity. The Sermon will later amplify on these good works which in the end signify the doing of the will of His Father Who is in Heaven (Matthew 7:21). The lowest requirement of Christian consistency is the absence of every evil work-the least immorality vitiates the entire profession. 14.Ye — Apostles, and indeed all Christians — are the light of the world —For how dark the world would be without a Christ, a Gospel, a Holy Spirit, and a Church! INTRO. See Clarke on Matthew 5:14. Believers are “the light of the world.”. Salt operates internally, in the mass with which it comes in contact; the sunlight operates externally, irradiating all that it reaches. The ministers of the gospel are the lights of the world also; the angels of churches are stars, Revelation 1:20, and holy persons are children of light, 1 Thessalonians 5:5. Disciples of Christ are the light of the world in much the same sense that they are the salt of the earth. Beyond is the vast plateau of the Hauran, faintly shading with its rocky ranges the utmost horizon eastward. So would it be foolish for the disciples (and us) not to let their lights shine out before men by what they are, how they behave, and what they say. It has freely received, and it freely gives. The disciple function is now viewed as illuminating. (Dr. D. Matthew 5:14. Pseudo-Chrys. A.). Let it not be so with us. Comp. 3, 8, 12; Revelation 21:10). Here light is viewed as something distinct from the righteous, as something which he may possess and which he may enjoy, just as the husbandman enjoys the fruits of the earth of which he has cast in the seeds. 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