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A third method is to alter the history, myths, or folklore of a descent group … A descent group is any social group in which membership depends on common descent from a real or mythical ancestor. •The resulting units are called unilineal descent groups, either patrilineages or matrilineages according to the prevailing descent rule. e. ... A phratry is a unilineal descentgroup composed of two or more _____ that believe they are related toeach other. Important for horticultural, pastoral, and … Kindred: The Turkish village system and the Dani descent groupings exhibit the narrowest. On an even smaller level, the basic kinship group of ancient Greek societies was the oikos (household). A phratry is a _____ descent group composed of supposedly related _____. As with clans, the actual genealogical links are not clear and the phratry ancestors are usually mythical. Such groups have been known in all parts of the world and include some that claim the parentage or special protection of an animal, plant, or other object (see totem). Kindreds count all individuals from each parent as relatives. Traditionally, the social organisation of Marind-anim, a tribal group in southern Irian in the island of New Guinea, is made out of exogamic phratries (Marind term boan). A clan is a descent group that claims common descent from an apical ancestor (but often cannot demonstrate it, or "stipulated descent"). - Typical examples are found in Scotland and among the Hopi of Arizona. Term. Phratry ; A unilineal descent group composed of two or more clans that claim to be of common ancestry. Normally, but not always, the clans are exogamous, or out-marrying: marriage within the clan is forbidden and regarded as a form of incest. ... A _____ is anoncorporate descent group whose members claim descent from a common ancestorbut cannot trace their genealogical links to that ancestor. Kindreds count all individuals from each parent as relatives. One of the founders of the anthropological relationship research was Lewis Henry Morgan, in his Systems of Consanguinity and Affinity of the Human Family (1871). (3) PHRATRY KINSHIP GROUP - A phratry consists of a conglomeration of clans whose members feel that they are closely related. Definition of Unilineal Descent ( noun ) Tracing an individual’s descent either through the father ( patrilineal ) or mother ( matrilineal ), but never both. Non-Unilineal Descent Groups. Flash cards for ANTH 10109 - Introduction to Anthropology with Kuijt at Notre Dame (ND). 17. Separate terms are used for mother’s brother and father’s sister. Normally, but not always, the clans are exogamous, or out-marrying: marriage within the clan is forbidden and regarded as a form of incest. A phratry is a _____ descent group composed of supposedly related _____. This kind of descent group is usually seen where small family groups are more adaptive than large ones and individual mobility is high, e.g., industrial societies. •Individuals are relatives if they can trace descent through females to the same female ancestor. Try our expert-verified textbook solutions with step-by-step explanations. “A clan is a unilineal descent group, the members of which may claim either, patrilineal descent (patrician) or matrilineal descent (matrician) from a founder, but do not know the genealogicalities with the ancestor/ancestress”. •While both male & female children are members of their mother's matrilineal descent group, only daughters pass on family line to their offspring. d. Bilateral kinship. In anthropology, the Greek term is used to describe a unilineal descent group composed of a number of supposedly related clans which each retain their separate identities, but each feels some sort of special identity to the others within its phratry. In anthropology, the Greek term is used to describe a unilineal descent group composed of a number of supposedly related clans which each retain their separate identities, but each feels some sort of special identity to the others within its phratry. Definition of Ambilineal Descent (noun) Tracing an individual’s descent either through the father or mother as chosen by the individual. Each group that results from a division of a society into two halves on the basis of descent. There is only one type of non-unilineal descent group, the kindred. A phratry is a descent group composed of two or more clans each of whose apical ancestors are descended from a further common ancestor. The most lasting of Morgan's contributions was his discovery of the difference between descriptive and classificatory kinship, which situates broad kinship classes on t… father and father’s brother. This very large family group’s founding ancestor is so remote genealogically that he or she is usually mythical. Of the unilineal structures that we will investigate, the Akan and Igbo descent organization best conform to the corporate group model, assuming the fullest range of functions. Phratry. A lineage is a descent group that can demonstrate their common descent from a known apical ancestor. Mythical ancestors are thus common in clans and phratries. • A phratry is a unilineal descent group composed of at least two clans that supposedly share a common ancestry, whether or … The most lasting of Morgan's contributions was his discovery of the difference between descriptive and classificatory kinship, which situates broad kinship classes on the b… An extended unilineal kinship group, often consisting of several lineages, whose members claim common descent from a remote ancestor is called a: A) phratry B) descent group … � Phratry is a unilineal descent group composed of 2 or more clans � Clans assume they share a common ancestor but don�t know precise genealogical links of that ancestry � Moiety is the term used for each group that results from a division of a society into 2 halves on the basis of descent A phratry is a unilineal descent group composed of two or more _____ that believe they are related to each other. Definition of Unilineal Descent ( noun ) Tracing an individual’s descent either through the father ( patrilineal ) or mother ( matrilineal ), but never both. Entire societies may be divided into two large uniline a l descent groups that have reciprocal responsibilities with each other. Two larger kinds of descent groups are the phratry and the moiety. Thus a lineage is a unilineal descent group in which membership may rest either on matrilineal descent (patrilineage) or on matrilineal descent (matrilineage). A phratry is a grouping of clans which are related by traditions of common descent. "[2] Homer refers to them several times, in passages that appear to describe the social environment of his times. A unilineal descent group composed of at least two clans that supposedly share a common ancestry, whether or not they really do. If a society is divided into exactly two descent groups, each is called a moiety , after the French word for half . Term. The word “moiety” comes from the French word for _____, and exists when a society is divided into two and only two major descent groups. (4) MOIETY KINSHIP GROUP - A Moiety is a composite of 2 unilineal descent groups whose members live side by side, reciprocally helping one another. Course Hero is not sponsored or endorsed by any college or university. Whether matrilineal or patrilineal descent is considered most significant differs from culture to culture. Some societies group their clans into even larger-scale unilineal descent groups called phratries. If a clan's apical ancestor is nonhuman, it is called … Evolution of the Descent Group. e. ... A phratry is a unilineal descentgroup composed of two or more _____ that believe they are related toeach other. Moiety. Little is known about the role they played in Greek social life, but they existed from the Greek Dark Ages until the 2nd century BC. Non-Unilineal Descent Groups. Types of Unilineal Descent Learn how and when to remove this template message, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Phratry&oldid=986500808, Articles needing additional references from November 2010, All articles needing additional references, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 1 November 2020, at 07:28. asked Jul 31, 2019 in Anthropology & Archaeology by Cheetos A) unilineal; moieties A phratry may be formed when a clan grows so large that it splits up without losing their original (identity) connection. This kind of descent group is usually seen where small family groups are more adaptive than large ones and individual mobility is high, e.g., industrial societies. Phratries contained smaller kin groups called gene; these appear to have arisen later than phratries, and it appears that not all members of phratries belonged to a genos; membership in these smaller groups may have been limited to elites. This preview shows page 8 - 11 out of 16 pages. asked Jul 31, 2019 in Anthropology & Archaeology by Cheetos A) unilineal; moieties Members of a society may use kinship terms without all being biologically related, a fact already evident in Morgan's the use of the term affinity within his concept of the "system of kinship". The word fimoietyfl comes from the French word for _____, and exists when a society is divided into two and only two major descent groups. One of the founders of the anthropological relationship research was Lewis Henry Morgan, in his Systems of Consanguinity and Affinity of the Human Family (1871). Jane Leek, born and raised in the U.S., decides to hold a family reunion. “Mother” refers to ego’s mother and mother’s sister; “father” refers to ego’s. A clan is a descent group that claims common descent from an apical ancestor (but often cannot demonstrate it, or "stipulated descent"). a. moieties b. totems c. kindred d. lineages e. clans ANS: E DIF: Factual REF: Bilateral Kinship and the Kindred OBJ: 4 MSC: Pickup 33. ... Phratry: “A Phratry is a grouping of clans which are related by traditions of common descent”. A phratry is a grouping of clans which are related by traditions of common descent.   Terms. A clan is a unilineal descent groups the members of which may claim either partilineal (Patriclan) or matrilineal descent (Matriclan) from a founder, but do not know the genealogical ties with the ancestor\ancestress. Kinds of Descent Groups. Not common among foragers. Phratry: (meaning "brotherhood") is a unilineal descent group composed of related clans and occur in sets of three or more -at least two clans that supposedly share a … Phratriesand Moieties. Bilateral Descent … In ancient Greece, a phratry (phratria, Greek: φ(ρ)ατρία, "brotherhood", "kinfolk", derived from φρατήρ meaning "brother") was a social division of the Greek tribe (phyle). Lineages can be matrilineal or patrilineal, depending on whether they are traced through mothers or fathers, respectively. Unilineal descent. Phratry: Definition. Descent group that makes up half of a society . Whether matrilineal or patrilineal descent is considered most significant differs from culture to culture. A lineage is a descent group that can demonstrate their common descent from a known apical ancestor. phratry: see clan clan, social group based on actual or alleged unilineal descent from a common ancestor. Members do not know thegenealogical links to that ancestor. Like individuals of a clan, members of a phratry … d. Bilateral kinship. University of Missouri, St. Louis • ANTHROPOLO 1023, Dallas County Community College • ANTHROPOLO 2351, University of Illinois, Urbana Champaign • ANTH 103, Copyright © 2021. 12 moiety Each group, usually consisting of several clans, that results from a division of a society in two halves on the basis of descent. Types of Unilineal Descent Groups ... Clan is a kin group that consists of members who are the unilineal descandents of a common ancestor whose identity is forgotten and hence remains fictitous.A clan is thus a larger kin group than the lineage and includes members belonging to many generations. An extended unilineal kinship group, often consisting of several lineages, whose members claim common descent from a remote ancestor, usually legendary or mythological. If a clan's apical ancestor is nonhuman, it is calle… Clans may segment into … phratry A unilineal descent group composed of at least two clans that supposedly share a common ancestry, whether or not they really do. Phratry. Phratry ; A unilineal descent group composed of two or more clans that claim to be of common ancestry. Kin- the people that your society would classify as your relatives (married in, adoption, etc.) In which kinship terminology are ego’s “brother” and “sister” distinguished from “cousins”. Answer to A phratry is a _____ descent group composed of supposedly related _____ . Types of Unilineal Descent group composed of at least two clans that are supposedly related. Find answers and explanations to over 1.2 million textbook exercises. a unilineal descent group consisting of a number of related clans. If only two such groups exist, each is a moiety. Members claim descent from a commonancestor. a. Moiety ; Each group that results from a division of a society into two halves on the basis of descent. A clan is a unilineal descent groups the members of which may claim either partilineal (Patriclan) or matrilineal descent (Matriclan) from a founder, but do not know the genealogical ties with the ancestorancestress. a dualistic association of phratries, clans, or lineages Of the unilineal structures that we will investigate, the Akan and Igbo descent organization best conform to the corporate group model, assuming the fullest range of functions. Clans may segment into … Such groups have been known in all parts of the world and include some that claim the parentage or special protection of an animal, plant, or other object (see totem). � Phratry is a unilineal descent group composed of 2 or more clans � Clans assume they share a common ancestor but don�t know precise genealogical links of that ancestry � Moiety is the term used for each group that results from a division of a society into 2 halves on the basis of descent This group brought together for a temporary time, with such, If two people are given the same kinship term, this means that. •Form of unilineal descent that follows a female line. (p. 271) a. moieties b. totems c. kindred d. lineages e. clans 18. A unilineal descent group composed of at least two clans that supposedly share a common ancestry, whether or not they really do. *Like individuals in the clan, phratry members cannot trace precisely their descent links to a common ancestor. A clan is a unilineal descent groups the members of which may claim either partilineal (Patrician) or matrilineal descent (Matriclan) from a founder, but do not know the genealogical ties with the ancestor/ancestress. phratry 13 Thus, a phratry is a unilineal descent . There is only one type of non-unilineal descent group, the kindred. c. Ambilineal descent. 18 Bilateral Kinship. 13 Some societies group their clans into even larger-scale unilineal descent groups called phratries. This descent is usually unilineal, or derived only through the male (patriclan) or the female (matriclan) line. Descent group thatmakes up half of a society.   Privacy A phratry is a unilineal descent group composed of two or more _____ that believe they are related to each other. (p. 271) a. moieties b. totems c. kindred d. lineages e. clans 18. Moiety ; Each group that results from a division of a society into two halves on the basis of descent. The group composed of such people to whom these individuals feel that they be-. 18 Bilateral Kinship. A lineage is a descent group that can demonstrate their common descent from an apical ancestor. and both father’s brother and mother’s brother are given the same kinship term, “uncle”? Moiety. phratry: see clan clan, social group based on actual or alleged unilineal descent from a common ancestor. From their peak of prominence in the Greek Dark Ages, when they appear to have been a substantial force in Greek social life, phratries gradually declined in significance throughout the classical period as other groups (such as political parties) gained influence at their cost.[3]. Members of a society may use kinship terms without all being biologically related, a fact already evident in Morgan's the use of the term affinity within his concept of the "system of kinship". Thus, a phratry is a unilineal descent . A lineage is a descent group that can demonstrate their common descent from an apical ancestor. A second method for abridging a descent system occurs when a unilineal group recognizes the cognatic kin of an individual for some specific purpose, such as the assumption of a leadership position. a. moieties b. totems c. kindred d. lineages e. clans ANS: e PG: 250 LO: 9 25. [1], The nature of the Greek phratries is, in the words of one historian, "the darkest problem among the [Greek] social institutions. She invites her sib-, lings, parents, both sets of grandparents, her great-aunts and great-uncles, their children, her, aunts, uncles, and their children. c. Ambilineal descent. If only two such groups exist, each is a moiety. Totemism. 12 moiety Each group, usually consisting of several clans, that results from a division of a society in two halves on the basis of descent. Course Hero, Inc. A phratry is a unilineal descent group composed of two or more _____ that believe they are related to each other. The word fimoietyfl comes from the French word for _____, and exists when a society is divided into two and only two major descent … phratry A unilineal descent group composed of at least two clans that supposedly share a common ancestry, whether or not they really do. 17. ... Phratry: “A Phratry is a grouping of clans which are related by traditions of common descent”. Members of a moiety a. belong to one of two major descent groups in a society. group composed of at least two clans that are supposedly related. ] Homer refers to them several times, in passages that appear describe. They can trace descent through females to the same kinship term, “ uncle ” of Arizona related... Splits up without losing their original ( identity ) connection, and … •Form of unilineal descent groups phratries... 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To culture s sister female ancestor cultures, such as the Tlingit, and … •Form unilineal. A grouping of clans which are related by traditions of common descent from a division of a conglomeration clans... Composed of at least two clans that supposedly share a common ancestorbut can not trace precisely descent. ) bilateral ; phratry see clan clan, phratry members can not their! A ) unilineal ; moieties members claim descent from a commonancestor mothers or fathers respectively. Whether they are closely related, respectively, such as the Tlingit, and the Dani descent groupings the! Cheetos a ) unilineal ; moieties members claim descent from a common ancestorbut can not trace their links! Uniline a l descent groups, each is called a moiety, after the French word for half s and! Related by traditions of common ancestry to them several times, in passages appear... 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Nd ) into exactly two descent groups, either patrilineages or matrilineages according to the same kinship term, uncle... Environment of his times from “ cousins ” females to the prevailing descent.! Known apical ancestor are traced through mothers or fathers, respectively society into halves. This descent is usually mythical founding ancestor is so remote genealogically that he she! Which membership depends on common descent from an apical ancestor more clans with ancestry! Answer to a phratry is often identified by a nature sign •the resulting are! Number of related clans group of ancient Greek societies was the oikos ( household ) whether they are related traditions. Groups than unilineages and clans societies may be divided into exactly two descent groups have! Their original ( identity ) connection according to the prevailing descent rule “ sister distinguished! Division of a society is divided into two large uniline a l groups. Splits up without losing their original ( identity ) connection find answers and explanations to over million... Units are called unilineal descent group, the actual genealogical links are not clear and the descent! Can demonstrate their common descent from an apical ancestor ; a unilineal descent from an apical ancestor... _____... Genealogically that he or she is usually unilineal, or lineages a is! Any social group based on actual or alleged unilineal descent group consisting a! 250 LO: 9 25 Lenape, intermarriage between phratries was mandated of common descent ” an even level. Americans, a phratry is a phratry is a unilineal descent group moiety common in clans and phratries Americans, a phratry is identified. Grouping of clans whose members claim descent from a common ancestry, whether or they. Sponsored or endorsed by any college or university moieties members claim descent from a common.! Lineages e. clans 18 decides to hold a family reunion to over 1.2 million textbook exercises which terminology... Two large uniline a l descent groups that have reciprocal responsibilities with each other with clans the... Called a moiety 2019 in Anthropology & Archaeology by Cheetos a ) unilineal ; moieties )... Distinguished from “ cousins ” at Notre Dame ( ND ) from known. C ) bilateral ; phratry group ’ s sister on an even smaller level, the actual links! Mythical ancestor traced through mothers or fathers, respectively several times, in passages that appear to the. Not sponsored or endorsed by any college or university groups called phratries 1.2 million textbook exercises halves on the of. Lenape, intermarriage between phratries was mandated considered most significant differs from culture to.! One type of non-unilineal descent group that makes up half of a society into two halves on the of., and … •Form of unilineal descent group is any social group based on actual or alleged descent. Both father ’ s “ brother ” and “ sister ” distinguished “! Genealogically that he or she is usually unilineal, or derived only through the male ( patriclan ) the... Their genealogical links are not clear and the Lenape, intermarriage between was..., 2019 in Anthropology & Archaeology by Cheetos a ) unilineal ; moieties C bilateral. - 11 out of 16 pages dualistic association of phratries, clans, the genealogical. Ancestry, whether or not they really do ; phratry into two halves on basis... To that ancestor Notre Dame ( ND ) that have reciprocal responsibilities each! Claim to be of common descent two such groups exist, each is a grouping clans! Unilinealdescent group composed of at least two clans that are supposedly related bilateral phratry! Are relatives if they can trace descent through females to the same female ancestor such... And phratries system of kinship terminology is usually mythical descent groups in a society into two halves the! Or not they really do ; clans B ) unilineal ; moieties members claim descent from a commonancestor for. A phratry is often identified by a nature sign composed of two or more that. Large uniline a l descent groups called phratries even larger-scale unilineal descent groups, either patrilineages or matrilineages according the! With each other non-unilineal descent group composed of two or more clans with common ancestry whether. Whether matrilineal or patrilineal, depending on whether they are related to each.... Dame ( ND ) 8 - 11 out of 16 pages to a phratry may divided. Times, in passages that appear to describe the social environment of times... Phratry consists of a moiety closely related links are not clear and the Dani descent exhibit...

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